This event is heavily influenced by the concept of Chinese martial arts. Makoto mentions that he incorporated “Kung-fu” dance moves into Trickstar’s Tanabata performance, so here is more information about it:
Tanabata was inspired by the Qixi Festival, a Chinese festival celebrating the annual meeting of the cowherd (Hikoboshi) and weaver girl (Orihime) in mythology.
Trickstar is most likely referencing Wushu (Chinese kungfu). Since Ryuseitai ended up choosing a similar concept to Trickstar, they’re also referencing Wushu.
Taolu is the set routines, or “forms”, of Wushu. There are routines performed bare-handed, and routines performed with weaponry.
In this case, Trickstar and Ryuseitai chose a weaponry-based taolu: Gunshu (long staff), and Jianshu (double-edged straight sword) respectively. Both of these styles consist of agile, quick movements, and require flexibility.
Video of an athlete performing Gunshu: 1 - 2 (Both videos portray Mao and Subaru's poses) – Video of an athlete performing Jianshu: 1 - 2 (second video portrays Midori's pose)
Shinobu’s pose is the flying kung fu kick (a kick Bruce Lee often does). Kenpou, the martial arts Tetora adds to Ryuseitai's performance, also has this kicking style.
Living Sunshine: Chapter Title Note
In Japanese it's 晴れ男 hareotoko, lit. “man who causes the weather to become sunny when he goes out.” One way to translate it would be “Sunny man”, but I went with “Living Sunshine” for poetry's sake.